Pixel Pitch And LED Screen: What You Need To Know

This article will help you understand better what pixel pitch is. Also, we will answer the common questions regarding it and LED screens

Furthermore, familiarizing yourself with this term and its features would help you determine the most suitable pitch pixel for your project. We will also help you realize which PP best fits your LED screen project and what pixel pitch refers to and why is pixel pitch important.

Table Of Contents

  1. What Is Pixel Pitch?
  2. The Pixel Pitch And Screen Resolution
  3. The Pixel Pitch And Viewing Distance
  4. How To Determine The Most Suitable Pixel Pitch For An LED Screen Project?
  5. Maintaining LED Screen’s Good Pixel Performance
  6. Looking For An LED Screen Provider For Your Next Project?

What Is Pixel Pitch?

First of all, let’s define it.

Pixel pitch refers to the distance in millimeters from the center of a pixel to the center of the adjacent pixel. The pixel density directly correlates with or affects resolution. Pixel density on the other hand is the number of pixels in an LED display or LED clusters. The higher pixel density the better. 

Pixel Pitch

Here’s a takeaway: the lower the pixel pitch the closer, the less space between pixels or a more compact position of pixels. It results in better resolution and viewing experience. 

The pitch pixel or dot pitch pixel pitch, or pixel size, also determines the optimal viewing distance of your LED screen device. It is usually 2 to 3 times the PP in meters. For instance, a P2 LED screen is visible from 4 meters away, and a P5, on the other hand, can be viewed 10 meters away. 

The optimal pixel pitch is a factor that determines how well your viewer will see your content, the viewer’s visual perception, and more. 

The Pixel Pitch And Screen Resolution

Pixel pitch has a direct relationship and affects the resolution of an LED screen and image quality, for instance. It determines how the content can be viewed, from what distance it will be visible, and the overall resolution of an LED screen. 

It is mentioned that the lower the pixel LED screen, the better the resolution. So, imagine a P1.25 LED screen. It has a 1.25-millimeter distance between pixels, making them more compact. The compact the pixel position is the better resolution and is evident in the device. And because a P1.25 shows a lucent solution, it is applied in areas in which high-definition is required, such as control rooms, security surveillance, conferences, retail, and more. 

The Pixel Pitch And Viewing Distance

If you’re looking for a quick guide with pixel pitch viewing distance, here’s a table to help you. This will help you in choosing the average comfortable viewing distance.

Pixel Pitch

Minimum Viewing Distance In Feet

Average Comfortable Viewing Distance

0.9 mm

0.9 meters (2.95 feet)

1.72 meters


1.26 meters (3.94 feet)

2.15 meters


1.58 meters (4.9 feet)

2.58 meters


1.9 meters (6.2 feet)

3.44 meters


2.5 meters(8.2 feet)

4.30 meters


3 meters (9.8 feet)

5.16 meters


4 meters (13.1 feet)

6.88 meters


5 meters (16.4 feet)

8.60 meters


6 meters (19.6 feet)

10.31 meters


8 meters (26.2 feet)

13.75 meters


10 meters (32.8 feet)

17.19 meters

How To Determine The Most Suitable Pixel Pitch For An LED Screen Project?

Determining the most suitable LED pixel display for your project is crucial. For some, it makes them scratch on the head, even without an itch. Furthermore, let us help you know when to use a narrow and broad PP. 

When To Use A Narrow And High Pixel Pitch?

Knowing which LED pixel pitch best fits your project means you have to consider some factors beforehand. These are applications, audience size, and viewing distance. But how do these factors correlate with choosing the pitch pixel for your next project? Is a higher or lower pixel pitch better? Let us know further.

Pitch Pixel


The application tells you whether you’ll use the device indoors or outdoors. Usually, we recommend a small pixel pitch; however, it is also unjustifiable to always say that a low LED display pixel fits all indoor applications. Some indoor uses requiring high pixel pitches are large conferences, indoor concerts, and international summits where we expect massive audiences. The indoor space is vast, making a broader viewing scope.

For outdoor applications, it typically happens that a higher resolution fits outdoor use. This includes advertising displays, stage rentals, and traffic signages. A higher PP is ideal for outdoor use as it helps in determining the average comfortable viewing distance, better visibility, and high brightness because these outdoor LED screens usually come in massive sizes. 

Audience Size

The audience size also predicts whether a smaller pixel pitch LED display or a high one best fits your project. A larger audience means a broader space to accommodate them all, thus needing a PP suitable for massive audience size. 

Viewing Distance

Viewing Distance

Viewing distance is how well your device and content are apparent. We recommend a high PP if you opt for better viewing where distant viewers can see your display. This applies to advertising displays, building facades, and traffic signages where we need people from far away to see them. 

It is essential to determine these factors before you decide which LED panel pixel pitch you’ll choose. As a provider, we will also help you by giving you insights and situations to consider should you let us help you.  

Maintaining LED Screen’s Good Pixel Performance?

An LED screen’s good pixel performance reflects the internal system’s status. If the device makes sound health, it shows in each pixel’s light, color, and brightness. However, waiting for pixels to malfunction before performing maintenance is not proper. 

Maintenance is an essential procedure that makes all kinds of devices long-lasting and has a steady and accurate function. Maintenance is also required in the LED screen industry.

Along with bad habits and poor maintenance, the LED screen may suffer from operational problems. 

Here are some tips and steps to guide you. 

Storage Check

Each LED screen type has its storage temperature requirements. You can check this within the device’s manual or by asking your provider. Typically, LED screens are stored with less than 30℃ and less than 60% humidity. 

IP Rating Appropriateness

The IP rating or Ingress Protection rating tells about the level of the device’s protection against solids and liquids. It is essential to know whether its IP rating suits indoor or outdoor use to keep the device functioning well. When you use a low IP rating device in an outdoor or humid environment, chances are its pixel will have a problem, or the enclosure might get intruded with dust or mist. 

Power Source Placement

The power source should be placed in a stable place or well-grounded. When this component is used in a harsh environment, it might affect the power supplied to each pixel. It results in dead pixels. 

Regular Use

You should not turn off the device for a long time. It might cause pixels to have low luminance or brightness. If you won’t use them for events, turn them on every morning and start by preheating the device first. 

Device’s Rest

We recommend having the device turned off at least 2 hours per day. It helps with keeping the whole system cool in the meantime and ready for use the next day. 

Circuit Check

Apart from checking the device’s light and brightness in pixel luminance, it is also essential to check the internal circuits and replace and repair them in time. Wirings and board problems may result in dead pixels or pixels with less uniform function. 

What Is Pixel Pitch


The LED screen’s power source terminal experiences different heat levels due to its regular use. It becomes loose or sometimes defective; that’s why fasting is necessary. In this procedure, you’ll tighten the connectors so the system receives consistent power, lessening dead pixels and equipment failure. 

Looking For An LED Screen Provider For Your Next Project?

Are you considering getting your new LED screen for a project, an event, or an occasion? Look no more! In this article, we shared the pixel pitch definition with you, and we hope you learned a lot about it. 

Colorlight-LED provides all kinds of LED screen solutions and LED video walls for all your needs. We have many products, including transparent LED screens, flexible, indoor, trade show, display balls, and much more. 

These devices can be tailored to meet your project requirements. Along with our professional team of experts, we will thoroughly guide you to success. 

Contact us at manager@yuchip.com for more information. We apply the rule of thumb.